About Fleas

Left untreated, chronic flea infestations not only make your animal miserable, but can lead to infection and more serious flea-related diseases. It is essential to check your animal for flees on a regular basis.

Flea Symptoms:

  • itching and scratching
  • red pimples or bumps
  • crusty lesions in groin area
  • inflamed areas of skin and eczema
  • hair loss

Flee Treatments:

  • a spot-on treatment is recommended every 4 weeks during spring and summer
  • Treat your animals bedding, clothing and environment with an over the counter spray
  • For severe cases an oral medication can be prescribed

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About Ticks

Keeping your pets tick free is of the utmost importance considering the risk of contracting biliary (tick-bite-fever) or ehrlichia, two tick borne diseases. Bloemfontein is considered a high risk area for biliary. It is essential to check your animal for ticks on a regular basis. If you have found a tick on your animal close monitoring will help in recognising early symptoms. The quicker biliary is diagnosed and treated, the greater the chance of survival for your pet.

Symptoms of Biliary:

  • loss of appetite
  • lethargy and weakness
  • fever
  • pale gums (may later turn yellow)
  • dark or port coloured urine
  • yellow stools and
  • in severe cases, seizures

Tick Control:

  • a spot-on treatment is recommended every 4 weeks during spring and summer
  • tick collars
  • tick dips
  • tick shampoos

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About Worms

Worms are one of the most common health problems for pets. There are five types of worms that generally affect pets: heartworms, roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms.

Symptoms of worms:

  • Coughing
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Low Energy
  • Pot Bellied Appearance
  • Change in Appetite
  • Losing Weight
  • Dull Coat
  • Itching and Signs of Skin Irritations
  • Rubbing Its Bottom on the Ground “Scooting”
  • Visible Worms in Fur or Faecal Matter

Worm Control:
De-worming all your animals should be done simultaneously to prevent cross infection. Animals should be de-wormed every 3-4 months.

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Important Inoculations

  • Puppies need to be inoculated at 6 weeks, 9 weeks and at 12 weeks with a 5 in 1: parvovirus (katgriep), distemper virus (hondesiekte)
  • Rabies inoculations should be done at 12 weeks for puppies and again at 7 months
  • All dogs should be inoculated annually with a 5 in 1 booster and rabies booster

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